, pub-7771400403364887, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0 Emile Durkheim,Spencer contributions

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Emile Durkheim,Spencer contributions

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Organismic Analogy: An important work of Spencer which was shared with both Comte and Durkheim was his theory of organic analogy in which he developed the tendency to see society as an organism. He borrowed his concepts from biology.He is best remembered for his doctrine of social Darwinism, according to which the principles of evolution, including natural selection, apply to human societies, social classes, and individuals as well as to biological species developing over geologic time

Emile Durkheim published a sociological study of suicide titled Suicide. Known as the Durkheim suicide study, it was the first time that suicide was potentially attributed to social influences. The Durkheim suicide theory has been instrumental throughout history in the study of suicide.
.Spencer stated that similar to species, society would evolve from a simple form and progress to a complex form. He explained that society, like living organisms, consists of three systems.One of Durkheim's major contributions was to help define and establish the field of sociology as an academic discipline. Durkheim distinguished sociology from philosophy, psychology, economics, and other social science disciplines by arguing that society was an entity of its own.

Functionalist sociologist Emile Durkheim saw Education as performing two major functions in advanced industrial societies – transmitting the shared values of society and simultaneously teaching the specialised skills for an economy based on a specialised division of labour.Durkheim's contribution to the field of sociology includes the establishment of the following theories and concepts: Functionalism theory. Concept of the division of labor. Concept of Social solidarity.
Durkheim's anomie theory describes the effects of the social division of labor developing in early industrialism and the rising suicide rate. Accordingly, in times of social upheaval, “collective consciousness” is weakened and previous norms, moral convictions and controls dwindle.

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